It is important for people with diabetes to pay attention to the types and amounts of food they eat, as well as the timing of meals and snacks. Some general guidelines for people with diabetes include:
Limit foods that are high in added sugars, such as soda, pastries, and candy.
Avoid processed and packaged foods that are high in unhealthy fats, such as fried foods, snack cakes, and cookies.
Choose whole grains, such as whole wheat bread and pasta, oatmeal, and brown rice, over refined grains, such as white bread and pasta.
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, which are high in fiber and nutrients.
Choose lean proteins, such as chicken, fish, beans, and tofu, over high-fat meats, such as bacon and sausage.
Limit your intake of salty foods, such as processed meats and snack foods, as well as foods that are high in sodium, such as canned soups and sauces.
Drink water or unsweetened beverages instead of sugary drinks.
It is important to work with a healthcare team, including a registered dietitian, to develop a meal plan that meets your individual needs and goals.