It is generally recommended that individuals with thyroid conditions, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, avoid foods that contain goitrogens. Goitrogens are substances that can interfere with the production and function of thyroid hormones by inhibiting the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland. Some examples of foods that may contain goitrogens include raw cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, kale, and Brussels sprouts, as well as soy products.
In addition to avoiding goitrogenic foods, it is generally recommended that individuals with thyroid conditions follow a healthy and balanced diet that is rich in nutrients and low in added sugars and unhealthy fats. This may include:
- Fruits and vegetables: Aim to include a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables in your diet, as they are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
- Lean protein sources: Choose lean sources of protein, such as chicken, turkey, fish, beans, and tofu, to help support muscle mass and repair.
- Whole grains: Choose whole grains, such as whole wheat, oats, quinoa, and brown rice, over refined grains, as they are higher in fiber and nutrients.
- Healthy fats: Include sources of healthy fats, such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil, in your diet to support heart health and brain function.