Kidney stones are hard masses that form in the kidney when there is an excess of certain substances in the urine. These substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, can form crystals that stick together and eventually form a stone.

Kidney stones can form for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Not drinking enough fluids, which can cause the urine to become concentrated and increase the risk of stone formation
  • Eating a diet that is high in protein, salt, and sugar, which can increase the risk of stone formation
  • Having certain medical conditions, such as gout or inflammatory bowel disease, which can increase the risk of stone formation
  • Taking certain medications, such as diuretics or calcium-based antacids, which can increase the risk of stone formation

Kidney stones can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball and can be made up of different types of substances. They can cause pain when they pass through the urinary tract and can sometimes become stuck, which can cause serious problems. If you are experiencing symptoms of kidney stones or have a history of kidney stones, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.

By archana