Kidney stones are hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They are made up of substances such as calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus that are found in the urine. In some cases, kidney stones can be dissolved naturally, but this depends on the type of kidney stone and the underlying cause of its formation.
Some small kidney stones (less than 5 mm in diameter) may be able to pass on their own through the urinary tract and be expelled in the urine. This process can take several weeks or months. Drinking plenty of fluids, especially water, can help flush out the kidney stones and increase the chances of them passing naturally.
However, larger kidney stones or those that are causing symptoms such as pain or blockage may need medical treatment. Treatment options may include medications to help dissolve the stones, shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) to break up the stones, or surgery to remove the stones.
It’s important to speak with a healthcare provider if you think you may have kidney stones. They can determine the best course of treatment based on the size and type of the kidney stones and your overall health.